The Kyrgyz Republic stretches from the west to the east for 900km, from the north to the south for 410km and is located approximately between 39° и 43° of northern latitude covering the area of 199,9 thousand km 2.It borders with Kazakhstan on its north, with Uzbekistan on its west, south-west with Tajikistan and in the south-east with China.
The population of Kyrgyztstan is estimated to be 5 777 570 people by 2014. Those of Kyrguz ethnicity make up 72,6%, Uzbeks are 14,5% and Russians – 6,4%. There are more than 80 different nationalities living in Kyrgyzstan. The urban population of Kyrgyzstan is 33,6% and the rural is 66,4% (2013).Current population is 6,125,461.
The Captial city Bishkek is a political, economical, scientific, administrative, historical and cultural centre, a place of location for many government offices, diplomatic missions, representatives of international organizations.It was founded in 1878.The territory of the city is 127,3km2.Population of Bishkek is 894,6 thousand people.
State language is Kyrgyz. Many business and political affairs are carried out in Russian.Kyrgyzstan Currency is Kyrgyzstani som.
Kyrgyzstan is divided into seven regions administered by appointed governors. The capital, Bishkek, and the second largest city Osh are administratively independent cities with a status equal to a region.
The regions, and independent cities are
8. City of Osh
The climate varies regionally. The south-western Fergana Valley is subtropical and extremely hot in summer, with temperatures reaching 40 °C (104 °F) The northern foothills are temperate and the Tian Shan varies from dry continental to polar climate, depending on elevation. In the coldest areas temperatures are sub-zero for around 40 days in winter, and even some desert areas experience constant snowfall in this period.
Islam is the dominant religion of Kyrgyzstan. 80% of the population is Muslim while 17% follow Russian Orthodoxy and 3% other religions.
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