Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, USA

The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine (JHUSOM), located in Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.A. (founded in 1893) is the academic medical teaching and research arm of the Johns Hopkins University, founded in 1876. The School of Medicine shares a campus with the Johns Hopkins Hospital, established in 1889. Johns Hopkins has consistently been among the nation’s top medical schools in the number of research grants awarded by the National Institutes of Health. Its main teaching hospital, the Johns Hopkins Hospital, is ranked the #3 hospital in the United States by U.S. News & World Report.

The Johns Hopkins School of Medicine is located off Broadway in the East Baltimore campus of the Johns Hopkins University together with the Johns Hopkins Hospital, the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, and the School of Nursing. Known collectively as the “Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions” (JHMI) Campus, it spans several city blocks, radiating outwards from the 1889 original landmark red brick Billings building of the Johns Hopkins Hospital with its historic dome (cupola).

The Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, which was finally begun 17 years after its original visionary benefactor Johns Hopkins (1795-1873), died and opened only with the large financial help offered by several wealthy daughters of the city’s business elite on condition that the medical school be open equally to students of both sexes, consequently one of the first co-educational medical colleges.

The Johns Hopkins School of Medicine is the home of many medical advancements, including the first of many to admit women and to introduce rubber gloves, which provided a more sanitary way of conducting surgical procedures.

According to the Flexner Report, Hopkins has served as the model for American medical education. It was the first medical school to require its students to have an undergraduate degree and was also the first graduate-level medical school to admit women on an equal basis as men. Mary Elizabeth Garrett, head of the Women’s Medical School Fund, was a driving force behind both of these firsts. Sir William Osler became the first Professor of Medicine at Johns Hopkins and the first Physician-in-Chief at the Johns Hopkins Hospital. Osler was responsible for establishing the residency system of postgraduate medical training, where young physicians were required to reside within the hospital to better care for their patients.

Upon matriculation, medical students at the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine are divided into four Colleges named after famous Hopkins faculty members who have had an impact in the history of medicine (Florence Sabin, Vivien Thomas, Daniel Nathans and Helen Taussig). The Colleges were established to “foster camaraderie, networking, advising, mentoring, professionalism, clinical skills, and scholarship.” Students are assigned to faculty advisors within their colleges. Each advisor has a group of five students – termed a molecule – from each of the four years. They instruct these same five students in Clinical Foundations of Medicine, a core first-year course, and continue advising them throughout their 4 years of medical school. Every year, the Colleges compete in the “College Olympics” in the late fall.

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