Kyrgyz State Medical Academy, Kyrgyzstan

On April 16, 1939 was accepted the Resolution of Council of People’s Commissars of the Kyrgyz Soviet Socialist Republic which first point said “To open since September 1, 1939 in the city of Frunze the Kyrgyz State medical institute, with admission on 1st course of 200 people of students”. The base of the higher medical school was put by professors and teachers from Moscow, Saint-Petersburg, Kharkov and Kiev. In 1943 took place the first graduation of students of Medical institute – 120 doctors.

On July 5, 1996 by the Decree of the President of the Kyrgyz Republic the Kyrgyz State Medical Institute was transformed into the Kyrgyz State Medical Academy. In the Institute organization invaluable assistance showed the 1st Moscow, Leningrad, Almaty, Tashkent and other medical institutes. They rendered advisory and organizational assistance, provided with medical literature and directed pedagogical cadres for permanent job at institute. There were organized chairs of CPSU history and political economy, normal anatomy, biology, histology, general chemistry, physics, foreign languages and others for which worked 16 teachers. During the Great Patriotic War to Kyrgyzstan were evacuated the 2nd Kharkov medical and stomatologic institute and the Moscow stomatologic institute which joined KSMI. Burdens of a wartime complicated institute work. Training terms were reduced till 4-4,5 years.

In 1943 took place the first graduation of students of our institute in a number of 120 people, and totally at this year were graduated 250 doctors. After the end of war since 1948 began transition to 6 – year term of training. On the 2nd course were entered the state end-of-year examinations in anatomy, histology, physiology and biochemistry.

In the 50s enrollment of students increased and began transition to profile preparation of doctors. In the 60s at the Institute was entered the programmed control of knowledge with use of technical means. Were developed scientific bases of studying of disciplines: educational elements, levels of their assimilation, graphological structures, etc.

In the 70s in the solution of problems of physiology, pathology, adaptation of an organism to mountain conditions the medical institute becomes the leader in the USSR. Communications with scientific Institutes of the Soviet republics were developed on qualitatively new basis: were formed agreements on creative cooperation with many scientific research institutes and country’s higher education institutions. On republican research bases and laboratories under the leadership of scientists of our institute were carried out joint scientific expeditions.

In the 80s educational, methodical and research process is considerably improved. KSMI on problems of studying of mountain medicine comes to the international scene that promoted strengthening of integration scientific communications. In connection with structural changes in 1996 by the Decree of the President of the Kyrgyz Republic the Institute is reorganized into the Kyrgyz State Medical Academy. The rectorate carries out measures for academy transition to conditions of market economy. There is a contract system of training. There is a modernization of educational, methodical and scientific research process.

Since 2000 in KSMA begun introduction of the new training programs adapted for the international standards. Now in KSMA there are medical, pediatric, stomatologic faculties, faculty on training of foreign citizens and Institute of the pharmacy, higher nursing education, management and public health care, medical school. Besides, the Institute of post-graduate training of KSMA, Research institute of fundamental problems of medicine and biology and the Center of the International cooperation are functioning. The academy prepares doctors for the countries of far and near abroad; training is conducted in Russian and English languages.

There are 600 highly qualified faculty members, including 7 Academicians of National Academy of Sciences of the Kyrgyz Republic (NAS KR), 4 Corresponding Members of NAS KR, 55 Doctors of Sciences and 215 PhD (Candidates of Sciences) at KSMA.

Currently, there are more than 6000 students from Kyrgyzstan and 19 foreign countries. Education is conducted in Kyrgyz, Russian and English. More than 15,000 students study at Kyrgyzstan State Medical Academy. Kyrgyz State Medical Academy addresses around 20% of International students from various countries such as India, Bangladesh, Nepal and other 23 countries. Currently, there are 350 Indian students from various states.

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