Ukraine was known as “Kievan Rus” up until the 16th century. In the 9th century, Kiev was the major political and cultural center in eastern Europe. Kievan Rus reached the height of its power in the 10th century and adopted Byzantine Christianity. The Mongol conquest in 1240 ended Kievan power. From the 13th to the 16th century, Kiev was under the influence of Poland and western Europe. The negotiation of the Union of Brest-Litovsk in 1596 divided the Ukrainians into Orthodox and Ukrainian Catholic faithful. In 1654, Ukraine asked the czar of Moscovy for protection against Poland, and the Treaty of Pereyasav signed that year recognized the suzerainty of Moscow. The agreement was interpreted by Moscow as an invitation to take over Kiev, and the Ukrainian state was eventually absorbed into the Russian Empire.
Ukraine, a large country in Eastern Europe with a coastline at the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov, it is bordered by Russia in northeast and east, Belarus in northwest, Poland and Slovakia in west, Hungary, Romania, and Moldova to the southwest.Ukraine covers an area of 600,000 km² making it the second largest country in Europe after Russia, it is about twice the size of Italy or slightly smaller than the U.S. state of Texas. Ukraine’s landscape consists mainly of plains and plateaus, only the Carpathian mountains in the west reach 2,061 m (6,760 ft.) at Mount Hoverla (Hora Hoverla), the highest mountain in the country.
Besides Ukrainian Orthodox Christians, there are Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Christians, Ukrainian Catholics, Protestants and Jews as well as a number of minority religious groups. TheOrthodox Church does not see as much dominance as it may see in other countries in Europe, such as Russia.
The country has a population of 45.4 million people (in 2016), capital and largest city is Kiev, spoken languages are Ukrainian, Russian is widely spoken, especially in the eastern and southern parts of the country.
Ukraine has a mostly temperate climate, with the exception of the southern coast of Crimea which has a subtropical climate.The climate is influenced by moderately warm, humid air coming from the Atlantic Ocean.Average annual temperatures range from 5.5–7 °C (41.9–44.6 °F) in the north, to 11–13 °C (51.8–55.4 °F) in the south.
The official language of Ukraine is Ukrainian, an East Slavic language which is the native language of 67.5% of Ukraine’s population. Russian is the native language of 29.6% of Ukraine’s population and the rest (2.9%) are native speakers of other languages.The Currency of Ukrain is Ukrainian hryvnia.
Kiev is the capital city of Ukraine, bisected by the Dnieper River and known for its religious architecture, secular monuments and history museums.
MBBS Exit Exam/MCI Screening Test/NEXT/FMGE, NEET.PG, USMLE, PLAB
Call/Whatsapp Mr. Arun Bapna +91 90010 99110 for personalize counseling based on Entrance Exam Score, 12th Percentage, 12th Passing Year and Budget.