Weill Cornell Medicine is the biomedical research unit and medical school of Cornell University, a private Ivy League university. The medical college is located at 1300 York Avenue, on the Upper East Side of Manhattan in New York City, along with theWeill Cornell Graduate School of Medical Sciences.
One of the most selective medical schools in the United States (based on analysis by U.S. News & World Report), Cornell enrolls approximately 100 students per class. In 2015, 6,183 persons applied, and 800 were interviewed for only 106 seats. The average undergraduate GPA and MCAT scores for successful applicants were 3.84 and 36, respectively. The college is named after benefactor and former Citigroup chairman Sanford Weill.
The school was founded on April 14, 1898, with an endowment by Col. Oliver H. Payne. It was established in New York because Ithaca, where the main campus is located, was deemed too small to offer adequate clinical training opportunities. James Ewing was the first professor of clinical pathology at the school, and for a while was the only full-time professor.
A branch of the school operated in Stimson Hall on the main campus. The two-year Ithaca course paralleled the first two years of the New York school. It closed in 1938 due to declining enrollment.
In 1927, William Payne Whitney’s $27 million donation led to the building of the Payne Whitney Psychiatric Clinic, which became the name for Cornell’s large psychiatric effort. That same year, the college became affiliated with New York Hospital and the two institutions moved to their current joint campus in 1932. The hospital’s Training School for Nurses became affiliated with the university in 1942, operating as the Cornell Nursing School until it closed in 1979.
In 1998, Cornell University Medical College’s affiliate hospital, New York Hospital, merged with Presbyterian Hospital (the affiliate hospital for Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons). The combined institution operates today as New York–Presbyterian Hospital. Despite the clinical alliance, the faculty and instructional functions of the Cornell and Columbia units remain distinct and independent. Multiple fellowships and clinical programs have merged, however, and the institutions are continuing in their efforts to bring together departments, which could enhance academic efforts, reduce costs, and increase public recognition. All hospitals in the New York–Presbyterian Healthcare System are affiliated with one of the two colleges.
Also in 1998, the medical college was renamed as Weill Medical College of Cornell University after receiving a substantial endowment from Sanford I. Weill, then Chairman of Citigroup. In 2015, it renamed itself to simply Weill Cornell Medicine to reflect an expansion of focus beyond the medical school.
While similar to other medical schools, Weill Cornell is different in some important respects. Weill Cornell’s administrative connections are complex. Its primary teaching hospital is NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital, which has two medical centers: NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical Center and NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital/Columbia University Medical Center.
Weill Cornell Medical College Library is located at 1300 York Ave in Manhattan. Weill Cornell Medical College Library includes the WCMC Archives. The Archives house the Institutional Archives and Image Archives, confidential patient medical records, as well as personal papers and manuscripts of important figures within the institutional history.
The Myra Mahon Patient Resource Center also provides health information materials to patients, their families, and caregivers.